The choice of Trieste as the European City of Science 2020 is due to the significant scientific tradition of the city which dates back to the end of the 19th century when the Astronomical Observatory was created, followed by institutions active in the fields of Geophysics and Marine Biology. It was during the second half of the last century that, thanks to the extraordinary vision of the physicist Paolo Budinich, the International Centre for Theoretical Physics “Abdus Salam” (ICTP) led the way to the creation of a number of institutions, amongst which, the Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (International School of Advanced Studies, SISSA) and the scientific technological park Area Science Park, which, together with the University and other centres of international research have made Trieste a scientific and technological hub known across the world.
The data provided by SiS FVG “The Scientific and Innovation System” of Friuli Venezia Giulia, a network of the 18 main research institutions in the region, clearly depict this unique International reality in the Italian and European panorama: over 14,000 foreign researchers, students and professors who, each year, work in the scientific institutions and universities in the region, for the most part in Trieste.
In the last few years, several international press articles have highlighted Trieste as among the most beautiful and interesting places to visit in Europe. Recently, Trieste has been defined as “a paradise for culture, science, coffee and sea lovers”.
The city is an exciting place to develop science and research. The presence of international centres for research and technology transfer, plus many international companies is inspirational and guarantees direct links for creating and stimulating interdisciplinary thinking groups.
Other than a scientific city, Trieste is well known as a city of coffee. The coffee is in transit here and it has been treated in the free port for more than three centuries. Over the centuries, many places for coffee tasting emerged and to this day several beautiful historical cafes are still operating, the most important ones are the Caffè degli Specchi in Piazza Unità, Caffè San Marco, Caffè Tommaseo in the city centre and the Caffè Stella Polare on the Grand Canal. These venues have been considered the favourite places of James Joyce, Italo Svevo and Umber to Saba, among others.
The city offers also a rich tradition of food and wine, with top restaurants, bars and many, good quality, cheap and fascinating local places called “Trattoria”, that anyone can discover just walking around, or you can drive to an “Osmica” 15 minutes from the centre to taste cured ham, cheese and eggs produced and directly offered by the farmers on their farms.
To enjoy a stay in Trieste to the full, there are professionals at hand for organising city visits, topical trips and a variety of tours, whether cultural, architectural, historical or literary. But it is also possible to plan courses for coffee tasting, take a tour of the Carso, visit wine cellars, or try out wine and olive-oil tasting sessions.